Gypsiferous soils

notes on their characteristics and management
  • 2.39 MB
  • 2037 Downloads
  • English
by
International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement , Wageningen
Soils -- Gypsum con
StatementJ.G.van Alphen & F.de los Rios Romero.
ContributionsRíos Romero, Francisco de los., International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsS592.6.G95
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18771571M

Management of gypsiferous soils Download management of gypsiferous soils or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get management of gypsiferous soils book now.

This site is like a library, Use search box in. When Gypsiferous soils contain only little gypsum in the upper 30 cm soil layer, they can be used for production of small grains, cotton, alfalfa, etc. Dry farming on deep gypsiferous soil requires use of fallow years and water harvesting techniques, but is rarely rewarding under adverse climate gypsiferous soils in (young) alluvial and colluvial deposits have relatively little.

Introduction. Gypsiferous soils are soils that contain sufficient quantities of gypsum (calcium sulphate) to interfere with plant growth. Soils with gypsum of pedogenic origin are found in regions with ustic, xeric and aridic moisture regimes (Nettleton et al.

They are well represented in dry areas where sources for the calcium sulphate exist. Gypsiferous soils book and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Soil Resources, Management, and Conservation Service. Management of gypsiferous soils.

Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors.

The existence of gypsum terrains under construction zones is dangerous due to the collapsible nature of gypsum with the presence of water. Remarkable evidences are available on failures in dams, highways and some other structures constructed above gypsiferous soils or by: 5.

Gypsum (CaSO 4 2H 2 O) is the only pedogenic calcium sulfate Gypsiferous soils book that has been found in soils with ustic, xeric, and aridic moisture regimes.

It has been found in soils in Gypsiferous soils book of the 17 conterminous western states by the National Soil Survey Laboratory and likely will be found in the other three.

The formation, classification and distribution of gypsiferous soils are reviewed. Their physical and chemical properties and their fertility are discussed.

The effects of gypsum and calcium carbonate on plants and the improvement of productivity of gypsiferous soils are described.

Laboratory methods appropriate to the analysis of gypsiferous soils are given. GYPSIFEROUS SOILS IN THE WORLD. Introduction Origin of Gypsum in Soils Forms of Gypsum in Soils Classification of Gypsiferous Soils. The American classification The FAO-Unesco legend The French classification The Russian classification International Reference Base for soil classification.

Equations are given for expressing properties of gypsiferous soils on an oven‐dry + crystal water of gypsum weight basis.

Citing Literature Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 9. Introduction. Rozanov () and Kurmangaliyev (b), who studied the gypsiferous soils of the Soviet Union, state that the physical and physico-chemical properties of gypsiferous soils are closely related to those of non-gypsiferous soils when the soils are developed under similar soil forming factors, and the gypsic layer is deep in the profile.

The water requirement for reclamation of gypsiferous sodic soils is about the same as that to reclaim saline, clay loam soils using continuous ponding, or about cm of water per cm of soil. Gypsiferous soils are soils that contain sufficient quantities of gypsum (calcium sulphate) to interfere with plant growth (Nettleton et al.

).They occupy about 90 million ha across Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Syria, the former USSR and other arid and semi-arid countries with annual rainfall of less than mm (FAO ). The aim of the present study was to find methodological tools to obtain reasonable results for exchangable Ca2+ of gypsiferous bentonites.

Cation exchange capacity (CEC) is an important property of clays.

Download Gypsiferous soils PDF

Numerous methods for calculating CEC and exchangeable cations exist; determination of exchangeable Ca2+ fails, however, when gypsiferous clays are examined because gypsum is. Scattered gypsum crystals and crystal intergrowths are common in gypsiferous soils, sometimes with thin bands (dust lines) outlining earlier growth stages.

Dissolution features, which are often observed for irrigated soils, include corrosion of the crystal faces, dissolution along cleavage planes and rounding. The book is written by an. Get this from a library. Gypsiferous soils: notes on their characteristics and management.

[J G van Alphen; Francisco de los Ríos Romero; International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement.]. The goal of this phase is to monitor and map soil salinity and water logging in the Ismailia Province in northern Egypt.

In this study area, not only salt-affected soils, but also gypsiferous soils are present, both in wet and dry conditions. It is crucial to distinguish between salt-affected and gypsiferous soils.

Highly gypsiferous soils on Pleistocene ter-Non to slightly gypseous soil Moderately to highly gypsiferous associated with lime Figure 2 Distribution of gypsum in Iraq (Al Barazanji ) 3. PROPERTIES OF GYPSEOUS SOILS The Physical, chemical and geotecnical properties of gypseous soils collected from different parts of Iraq are summarized and.

Book Description. Construction and demolition debris (CDD) and gypsiferous soils contain elevated concentrations of sulfate which can cause several environmental and agricultural problems.

Reduction of the sulfate content of CDD and gypsiferous soils is an option to overcome these problems. This study aimed to develop sulfate removal systems. Get this from a library. Management of gypsiferous soils. [Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Soil Resources, Management, and Conservation Service.;]. Adding organic materials to soils is an effective way to increase SOM levels and aggregate stability and other functional soil properties like porosity, soil structure, bulk density, water-holding.

Buy Management of Gypsiferous Soils (Soils Bulletin) by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible s: 1. Celestine appears to be common in highly gypsiferous soils (Stoops et al., ; Eswaran & Zi-Tong, ), although relatively few published reports are crystal morphology of celestine in soil environments is always elongated prismatic, with a lozenge-shaped cross-section and with pyramidal terminations composed of two or four crystal faces (e.g., Evans & Shearman, ; Barzanji.

Construction and demolition debris (CDD) and gypsiferous soils contain elevated concentrations of sulfate which can cause several environmental and agricultural problems. Reduction of the sulfate content of CDD and gypsiferous soils is an option to overcome these problems.

This study aimed to develop sulfate removal systems either by biological Author: Pimluck Kijjanapanich. Soil consists of gypsiferous clays and or clayer soils with heave potential. Funny thing is all constructions consists of a lobby building only, and suffered fissures in the masonery only (no damage to the structure).

I am interested on the effect of gypsum and anhydrite on soil behavior, although there are many articles around in the net. There is limited information about the genesis, classification, and properties of calcareous and gypsiferous soils of western Iran.

This study investigated the morphological, physical, and mineralogical characteristics of soils on different physiographic units, including plateau, colluvial fans, and piedmont plain in the Aleshtar region. The effect of long-term soaking on the California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of compacted gypsiferous soil containing about 64 0ypsum was studied.

Sixteen CBR samples compacted at optimum moisture content and f the modified AASHTO dry density were prepared in accordance with ASTM (D ). Soils with high reflectance features held c.a. 40% less water than soils with less reflectance. Therefore, higher reflectance can be related to degradation in gypsiferous soil.

Proposed engineering of gypsiferous soil classification is given. This classification depends on soil texture, mineralogy, geochemistry and engineering properties.

Details Gypsiferous soils PDF

Study areas are located within the Mesopotamian plain and include four locations, namely, Najaf, Karbala, Falluja and Samarra which are located between latitudes 32° and 35° and longitudes 43° and 44° 30′.

Anales de BiologíaBryophyte Check-list of Murcia Province (Southeastern Spain) María J. Cano, Juan A. Jiménez, M. Teresa Gallego, Rosa M. Ros & Juan Guerra D. “A breakthrough book.

No comprehensive horticultural library should be without it.” —American Gardener When we use chemical fertilizers, we injure the microbial life that sustains plants, and then become increasingly dependent on an arsenal of toxic substances.

Management of Gypsiferous Soils. Food and Agriculture Organization of the.

Description Gypsiferous soils EPUB

A gypsiferous soil sample, silty sand of SM group according to the Unified Soil Classification System and Ab group according to the AASHTO soil classification system with about 28% gypsum.

1. Introduction. Gypsiferous soils cover about 94 million ha of the world's arable lands (FAO,Boyadgiev and Verheye,Mashali, ) and many contain sufficient gypsum to influence soil physical and chemical conditions and to affect plant growth and crop solubility of gypsum can protect soils from the damaging effects of sodicity, but when present as large.

A comparative study between a homogeneous road embankment constructed of gypsiferous soil and compacted throughout its full height at the dry optimum moisture content (DOMC) and an exactly similar embankment but with improved active zone (top 50 cm of the embankment compacted at the wet optimum moisture content WOMC), is presented.